According to a study by the International Rescue Committee, many orphanages have not been adequately cared for and are suffering from poor conditions and overcrowding.
The report was released ahead of the World Cup, when Uganda hosts the African Football Confederation (AFC) in its first tournament since independence from Belgium in 1986.
“The results of this study are alarming and it is very difficult to find an orphanage that does not suffer from overcrowding, poor living conditions, and inadequate health services,” the report said.
“This is a serious situation that must be addressed immediately.”
More than 20 million orphans are believed to live in the country, but the World Health Organisation estimates that less than 20,000 live in an orphan home in Uganda.
The number of orphans in Uganda is about 1,000,000 and the country has a population of around 25 million.